Wisdom teeth are the last four molars that usually emerge in your late teens or early twenties. They are located at the back of your gums and do not always come through or cause any pain. However, in some cases the emergence of wisdom teeth can be a very long and painful process and may require treatment by your dentist in Sheffield.
What are wisdom teeth?
Most people have four wisdom teeth that can grow in each corner; however by the time they are ready to come through, all your adult teeth are usually fully grown and so there isn’t enough space in your mouth for the wisdom teeth to grow appropriately. Due to this, the wisdom teeth may grow at an awkward angle or become obstructed and only partly grow. Wisdom teeth that experience this are referred to as impacted wisdom teeth and often require to be seen by your dentist in Sheffield as they can cause severe pain and may need to be extracted.
Problems surrounding wisdom teeth
As wisdom teeth are located in the back of your mouth, they can be difficult to clean thereby increasing their chances of developing infections which can cause further pain and even swelling. It is fairly common for people with wisdom teeth to develop regular infections in the gum surrounding the wisdom tooth and is the primary reason why wisdom teeth are often extracted. Tooth decay can also occur in wisdom teeth as you may not be able to clean them thoroughly; while your dentist in Sheffield can clean them for you using specialised instruments, they may still be prone to becoming decayed as they will not be cleaned professionally every day. If the tooth decay is left untreated, it may cause an abscess which will need to be drained. It is very common to experience red and sore gums when you have an impacted wisdom tooth, however this can be controlled using remedies at home.
What methods of treatment are available?
At Sandygate Dental, there are a variety of treatment options available to help alleviate the pain associated with wisdom teeth. At home, you can concoct a mouthwash composed of hot water and a teaspoon of salt to help reduce any soreness or inflammation you may be experiencing in your gums. Your dentist may also prescribe you a chlorhexidine mouthwash to reduce the inflammation and will prescribe you antibiotics if there is any infection associated with the inflammation. Over-the-counter painkillers and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can be purchased to manage short term pain and inflammation however if the pain is prolonged, contact your dentist.
Your dentist can carry out an X-ray of your mouth and jaw to determine whether your wisdom teeth will grow appropriately or if there is enough room for it to grow at all. If neither of these are the case, then your dentist will advise you to have your wisdom tooth extracted so that they can put an end to any recurrent infections, pain or decay that has occurred on the teeth. It is important to note that if your wisdom tooth is not causing you any pain or discomfort, your dentist may suggest leaving it to grow through naturally. Upper wisdom tooth extractions are often easier and less painful to undergo as they are less impacted, however in any case an extraction will only be carried out under a local anaesthetic to make the procedure as painless as possible.